Timeline

1054

  • Once commonly accepted date of the Great Schism between the Eastern and Western churches; now questioned by many scholars

1055

1056

1057

1058

1059

1060

1061

1062

1063

1064

1065

1066

1067

1068

1069

1070

1071

1072

1073

1074

1075

1076

1077

1078

1079

1080

1081

1082

1082

1083

1084

1085

1086

1087

1088

1089

1090

1091

1092

1093

1094

1095

1096

1097

1098

1099

1100

1101

1102

1103

1104

1105

1106

1107

1108

1109

1110

1111

1112

1113

1114

1115

1116

1117

1118

1119

1120

1121

1122

1123

1124

1125

1126

1127

1128

1129

1130

1131

1132

1133

1134

1135

1136

1137

1138

1139

1140

1141

1142

1143

1144

1145

1146

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1148

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1150

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1153

1154

1155

1156

1157

1158

1159

1160

1161

1162

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1164

1165

1166

1167

1168

1169

1170

1171

1172

1173

1174

1175

1176

1177

1178

1179

1180

1181

1182

1183

1184

1185

1186

1187

1188

1189

1190

1191

1192

1193

1194

1195

1196

1197

1198

1199

1200

1201

1202

1203

1204

1205

1206

1207

1208

1209

1210

1211

1212

1213

1214

1215

1216

1217

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1219

1220

1221

1222

1223

1224

1225

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1228

1229

1230

1231

1232

1233

1234

1235

1236

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1240

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1245

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1259

1260

1261

1262

1263

1264

1265

1266

1267

1268

1269

1270

1271

1272

1273

1274

  • Council of Lyons

1275

1276

1277

1278

1279

1280

1281

1282

1283

1284

1285

1286

1287

1288

1289

1290

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1300

1301

1302

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1305

1306

1307

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1309

1310

1311

1312

1313

1314

1315

1316

1317

1318

1319

1320

1321

1322

1323

1324

1325

1326

1327

1328

1329

1330

  • John Wyclif (1330-1384)

1331

1332

1333

1334

1335

1336

1337

1338

1339

1340

1341

1342

1343

1344

1345

1346

1347

1348

1349

1350

1351

1352

1353

1354

1355

1356

1357

1358

1359

1360

1361

1362

1363

1364

1365

1366

1367

1368

1369

1370

  • John Huss (1370-1415)

1371

1372

1373

1374

1375

1376

1377

1378

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Begins

1379

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1380

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1381

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1382

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1383

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1384

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues
  • John Wyclif (1330-1384)

1385

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1386

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1387

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1388

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1389

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1390

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1391

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1392

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1393

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1394

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1395

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1396

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1397

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1398

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1399

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1400

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1401

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1402

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1403

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1404

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1405

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1406

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1407

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1408

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1409

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1410

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1411

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1412

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1413

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1414

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1415

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues
  • Council of Constance
  • John Huss (1370-1415) – condemned to death by the Council of Constance

1416

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1417

  • ‘Babylonish Captivity’ – Controversy of Two Popes Continues

1418

1419

1420

1421

1422

1423

1424

1425

1426

1427

1428

1429

1430

1431

1432

1433

1434

1435

1436

1437

1438

  • Council of Florence begins

1439

  • Council of Florence continues

1440

  • Council of Florence continues

1441

  • Council of Florence continues

1442

  • Council of Florence continues

1443

  • Council of Florence continues

1444

  • Council of Florence continues

1445

  • Council of Florence concludes

1446

1447

1448

1449

1450

1451

1452

1453

1454

1455

1456

1457

1458

1459

1460

1461

1462

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1464

1465

1466

1467

1468

1469

1470

1471

1472

1473

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1478

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1480

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1487

1488

1489

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1500

1501

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1508

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1565

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1567

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1569

1570

1571

1572

1573

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1575

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1579

1580

1581

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1585

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1587

1588

1589

1590

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1599

1600

1601

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1607

1608

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1614

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1621

1622

1623

1624

1625

1626

1627

1628

1629

1630

1631

1632

1633

1634

1635

1636

1637

1638

1639

1640

1641

1642

1643

1644

1645

1646

1647

1648

1649

1650

1651

1652

1653

1654

1655

1656

1657

1658

1659

1660

1661

1662

1663

1664

1665

1666

1667

1668

1669

1670

1671

1672

1673

1674

1675

1676

1677

1678

1679

1680

1681

1682

1683

1684

1685

1686

1687

1688

1689

1690

1691

1692

  • Society for the Reformation of Manners founded

1693

1694

1695

1696

1697

1698

  • Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge (SPCK) founded

1699

1700

1701

1702

1703

  • John Wesley (1703-1791)
  • Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758)

1704

1705

1706

1707

  • Charles Wesley (1707-1788)

1708

1709

1710

1711

1712

1713

1714

  • George Whitefield (1714-1770)

1715

1716

1717

1718

1719

1720

  • John Wesley matriculates at Christ Church, Oxford

1721

1722

1723

1724

  • John Wesley receives his baccalaureate degree

1725

  • Martin Boehm (1725-1812)

1726

  • Philip William Otterbein (1726-1813)
  • John Wesley elected fellow if Lincoln College, Oxford

1727

  • John Wesley receives his MA degree

1728

  • John Wesley ordained a priest in the Church of England on 22 September

1729

  • King George I of England crowned
  • William Law’s Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life published
  • Oxford Methodists begin

1730

1731

1732

1733

1734

1735

  • John and Charles Wesley appointed missionaries to Georgia by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts; they encounter Moravians onboard ship
  • Howell Harris has a religious experience and becomes and itinerant evangelist in Wales

1736

  • Ann Lee (1736-1784), founder of the Shakers
  • John and Charles Wesley arrive in Georgia in February; they encounter Moravian and Salzburgers (German Pietists)
  • Charles Wesley returns to England

1737

  • John Wesley publishes A Collection of Psalms and Hymns in Georgia
  • Jonathan Edwards’s Faithful Narrative, an account of the Northampton revival of 1735 is published
  • John Wesley leaves Georgia in December under indictment by a colonial court

1738

  • John Wesley arrives back in England
  • George Whitefield’s first tour of America
  • The Fetter Lane Society is organized in London under the leadership of Peter Böhler
  • At a meeting held at Aldersgate on 24 May, John Wesley experiences assurance of the forgiveness of sins
  • John Wesley visits the Moravian community at Herrnhut
  • John Wesley visits the important center of Pietism at Halle

1739

  • Slave revolt in South Carolina
  • George Whitefield’s first tour of America
  • John Wesley arrives at Bristol, England; begins his open-air preaching
  • John Wesley acquires The Foundry in London and begins holding services there
  • Selina, Countess of Huntingdon’s conversion
  • Kingswood School founded
  • George Whitefield’s second tour of America

1740

  • John Wesley breaks with the Moravians on account of their emphasis upon ‘quietism’
  • Great Awakening in North America
  • George Whitefield’s second tour of America

1741

  • George Whitefield’s second tour of America
  • John Wesley begins the practice of issuing tickets to band members
  • Dispute between John Wesley and George Whitefield results in an Arminian and Calvinist division of the Methodist revival movement

1742

  • John Wesley organizes first class meeting at Bristol and issues quarterly tickets to members

1743

1744

  • First Conference of Methodist preachers takes place at the Foundry in London

1745

  • Francis Asbury (1745-1816)
  • Methodism is introduced into Scotland

1746

  • Establishment of the first Methodist circuits in England
  • John Wesley publishes the first volume of Sermons on Several Occasions 

1747

  • Thomas Coke (1747-1814)
  • John Wesley’s first trip to Ireland

1748

  • John Wesley publishes the second volume of Sermons on Several Occasions 

1749

  • Anglican Bishop Lavington of Exeter attacks the Methodists in The Enthusiasm of the Methodists and Papists Compar’d
  • John Wesley begins publication of A Christian Library

1750

  • John Wesley publishes the third volume of Sermons on Several Occasions 

1751

1752

1753

1754

1755

  • John Wesley publishes Explanatory Notes Upon the New Testament

1756

  • Seven Years’ War
  • John Wesley completes publication of A Christian Library

1757

  • Seven Years’ War

1758

  • Seven Years’ War
  • Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758)

1759

  • Seven Years’ War
  • Jacob Albrecht (1759-1808)
  • John Wesley publishes the fourth volume of Sermons on Several Occasions 

1760

  • Seven Years’ War
  • Methodist colonists arrive in North America
  • Philip and Margaret Embury and Paul and Barbara Heck emigrate from Ireland to New York
  • John Strawbridge settles in Maryland and begins itinerating
  • Nathaniel Gilbert introduces Methodism into the West Indies and forms a society among his slaves in Antigue

1761

  • Seven Years’ War
  • William Carey (1761-1834)

1762

  • Seven Years’ War
  • Alexander Kilham (1762-1798)

1763

  • Seven Years’ War
  • Treaty of Paris I
  • (ca. 1763) John Strawbridge organizes a Methodist class in Maryland

1764

1765

  • John Wesley’s sermon, The Scripture Way of Salvation, was published

1766

  • Stamp Act repealed
  • Declaratory Act
  • Philip Embury and Barbara Heck established the first Methodist society in America in New York
  • The first Methodist mission in the future Dominion of Canada begins with the arrival in Newfoundland of Laurence Coughlan (of Ireland)

1767

  • Townsend Act

1768

  • John Street Church built in New York City

1769

  • The Methodist Conference in England sent Richard Boardman and Joseph Pilmore to be the first official Methodist itinerant preachers in America

1770

  • Boston Massacre
  • George Whitefield (1714-1770) – Whitefield dies in Newburyport, Massachusetts
  • Mary Evans Thorne appointed class leader by Joseph Pilmore – the first woman in the colonies to hold such a position

1771

  • Francis Asbury and Richard Wright sent to be Methodist itinerant preachers in America
  • John Fletcher’s Checks to Antinomianism (defending Arminian theology during the Calvinist controversy) published

1772

  • Hugh Bourne (1772-1852)

1773

  • First Methodist Conference in America held under the presidency of Thomas Rankin, whom John Wesley appointed superintendent for the work in America

1774

  • John Wesley attacks slavery and the slave trade in Thoughts upon Slavery
  • Lovely Lane Chapel was built in Baltimore, Maryland

1775

  • American Revolutionary War
  • John Wesley publishes A Calm Address to our American Colonies, in which he condemned the colonists’ actions
  • Timothy Merritt (1775-1845)

1776

  • American Revolutionary War

1777

  • American Revolutionary War
  • Conversion of Richard Allen
  • Thomas Coke forced out of his parish and joined the Methodists

1778

  • American Revolutionary War
  • John Wesley began publishing the Arminian Magazine
  • William O’Bryan (1778-1868)

1779

  • American Revolutionary War
  • Fluvanna Conference in Virginia decided to ordain Methodist preachers to administer the sacraments
  • Jabez Bunting (1779-1858)

1780

  • American Revolutionary War
  • Collection of Hymns for the Use of the People Called Methodists published
  • William Clowes (1780-1851)

1781

  • American Revolutionary War
  • Methodism introduced into Nova Scotia
  • Richard Watson (1781-1833)

1782

  • American Revolutionary War

1783

  • American Revolutionary War

1784

  • Ann Lee (1736-1784), founder of the Shakers
  • John Wesley ordained Richard Whatcoat and Thomas Vasey to be preachers for America and authorized Thomas Coke to ordain others, including Francis Asbury
  • Christmas Conference held in Baltimore, Maryland; Methodist Episcopal Church established – ordains general superintendents (later called bishops) and preachers, and adopts John Wesley’s hymnbook and prayerbook
  • John Wesley’s Deed of Declaration establishes an the annual Conference as the governing body of British Methodism

1785

  • John Wesley ordained preachers as elders for Scotland
  • First Book of Discipline published in Philadelphia

1786

  • Thomas Coke arrived in the West Indies

1787

1788

  • Charles Wesley (1707-1788)

1789

  • Bishops Francis Asbury and Thomas Coke visited President George Washington
  • Methodist Book Concern established in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

1790

1791

  • John Wesley (1703-1791)
  • US Bill of Rights
  • Methodism introduced into France

1792

  • Methodist Episcopal Church’s first General Conference
  • US Postal Service and Mint established
  • James O’Kelly leaves Methodist Episcopal Church over issues surrounding the episcopacy; forms the Republican Methodist Church in the United States

1793

  • Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin
  • US Fugitive Slave Act

1794

  • John Jay’s treaty with the UK
  • American Convention of Abolition Societies established in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • African American Methodists form first separate black Methodist church — Bethel Church — in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Beginning of Camp Meeting movement in North Carolina

1795

  • London Missionary Society formed
  • Plan of Pacification permitted Methodist itinerant preachers in England to administer the sacraments under certain circumstances

1796

  • African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME) formed in Philadelphia, PA

1797

  • Methodist New Connexion formed following the expulsion of Alexander Kilham and the Wesleyan Methodist Connexion’s (England) refusal to allow lay representation in Conference
  • The Wesleyan Conference adopts the Form of Discipline

1798

  • Alexander Kilham (1762-1798)

1799

  • Jabez Bunting became a Wesleyan Methodist preacher

1800

  • US national capital moved to Washington, DC
  • Cane Ridge Camp Meeting began the Great Revival in the West
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference issued a Pastoral Letter on Slavery
  • Die Vereinigte Brüderschaft in Christo (later known as the Church of the United Brethren in Christ) formed in the United States

1801

  • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church (AME Zion) formed in New York, NY (denominationally organized in 1821)

1802

  • La Roy Sunderland (1802-1885)

1803

  • Olof Gustaf Hedström (1803-1877)
  • Louisiana Purchase
  • US Marbury vs. Madison decision

1804

  • British and Foreign Missionary Society formed
  • Russian Bible Society formed in St. Petersburg
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Methodism introduced into Sweden
  • Nathan Bangs ordained in the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • The MEC General Conference extended the maximum consecutive service of preachers on a circuit or station to two years

1805

1806

  • Methodism introduced into South Africa

1807

  • US Embargo Act
  • First English camp meeting held at Mow Cop

1808

  • End to legal importation of slaves into the USA
  • Methodist Episcopal Church adopts a constitution
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Jacob Albrecht (1759-1808)
  • William McKendree became the first American-born bishop in the Methodist Episcopal Church

1809

1810

  • American Board for Commissioners of Foreign Missions established

1811

  • Primitive Methodist Connexion (UK) formed by Hugh Bourne and William Clowes
  • First Wesleyan Methodist missionary arrives in Sierra Leone

1812

  • War of 1812
  • Martin Boehm (1725-1812)
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference composed, for the first time, of elected delegates
  • Toleration Act (in UK), repealing Five Mile and Conventicle Acts and extending the scope of religious toleration, passed with the strong support of English Methodists
  • Methodist services and class meetings begun in Australia

1813

  • War of 1812
  • Philip William Otterbein (1726-1813)
  • African Union Church formed
  • Methodist Missionary Society formed in England
  • Methodism introduced into Germany
  • Methodist mission to Ceylon (today Sri Lanka) begun

1814

  • War of 1812
  • Thomas Coke (1747-1814)

1815

  • Basil Mission of Switzerland established
  • Battle of New Orleans
  • Bible Christians formed in Cornwall by former Wesleyan Methodist local preacher William O’Bryan (originally called William Bryant)
  • First Wesleyan Methodist missionary to Australia arrived in Sydney
  • Mission to the Wyandot Indians in Ohio begun by African American layman John Stewart

1816

  • Francis Asbury (1745-1816)
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference

1817

  • Methodist mission in India began
  • Jarena Lee, first African Methodist Episcopal Church female preacher, began her ministry

1818

1819

1820

  • Missouri Compromise (USA)
  • American Colonization Society founds Liberia for the ‘repatriation’ of African Americans
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Debate over the role of bishops and laity in the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Wesleyan Methodists established a mission to Gambia

1821

  • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church (AME Zion) formed (first congregation 1801) in New York, NY denominationally organized

1822

  • Daniel Coker organized freed slaves en route to Liberia into a Methodist society

1823

  • Monroe Doctrine
  • First Methodist weekly newspaper, Zion’s Herald, began publication in Boston, Massachusetts

1824

  • Berlin [ Mission] Society established
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • African Methodist Episcopal Church began mission work in Haiti and the Dominican Republic

1825

  • Timothy Merritt published his Christian’s Manual, a treatise on Christian perfection

1826

  • Russian Bible Society disbanded by order of the Russian government

1827

  • Purchase of an organ by the Brunswick Chapel, Leeds, results in sessions from the Wesleyan Methodists in England and the formation the formation of the Protestant Methodist Connection the following year

1828

  • Noah Webster’s American Dictionary of the English Language published
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Protestant Methodist Connection formed in England

1829

1830

  • First locomotive steam engine begins work
  • Methodist Protestant Church formed

1831

1832

  • US Vice President John C. Calhoun resigned
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Indian Conference formed by the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Primitive Methodist Church, United States formed
  • Methodist mission to the Fiji Islands begun

1833

  • Richard Watson (1781-1833)
  • Sewing machine invented
  • Turtle Fields became the first ordained Native American Methodist (by the Tennessee Conference)
  • Melville B. Cox sent to Liberia by the mission society of the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Jason Lee travelled west to establish a mission in Oregon on behalf of the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Chippewa mission established

1834

  • William Carey (1761-1834)
  • McCormick invents the mechanical reaper
  • The United Brethren Publishing House formed
  • Organization of the New York Female Moral Reform Society
  • Dispute among English Methodists over the formation of a theological school with Jabez Bunting as president leads to the formation of the Wesleyan Methodist Association
  • Sophronia Farrington became the first unmarried Methodist Episcopal woman missionary to arrive in Liberia

1835

  • Texas War for Independence
  • Methodist Episcopal mission established in Brazil
  • Methodist church organized in Fiji
  • Methodist mission activity begun in Ghana

1836

  • Texas gains independence from Mexico
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Sarah Lankford, sister of Phoebe Palmer, began the Tuesday Prayer Meeting in her New York City residence

1837

  • Economic Depression in the USA
  • Ann Wilkins sent to Liberia as a missionary on behalf of the Methodist Episcopal Church

1838

  • Cherokee, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminole Native-Americans were forcibly removed from their homeland in the Southeast and Appalachian Mountains

1839

  • Methodists in New England established the first ‘Biblical institute’ for the training of preachers (later to become the Boston University School of Theology)
  • Die Geschaftige Martha established by the United Brethren in Christ Church

1840

  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • The Methodist Episcopal Church acquires Wesleyan Female College, Macon, Georgia, the first institution to grant full collegiate degrees to women
  • Timothy Merritt began publishing the Guide to Christian Perfection, a key holiness periodical
  • Methodist mission in Switzerland begun

1841

  • The Ladies’ Repository, the first Methodist Episcopal publication for women, began publication

1842

  • Orange Scott and other abolitionist leaders seceded from the Methodist Episcopal Church, leading to the formation of the Wesleyan Methodist Connection (USA) the following year
  • First Methodist church building erected in Argentina

1843

  • Wesleyan Methodist Connexion formed in the United States
  • Phoebe Palmer published The Way of Holiness

1844

  • Samuel Morse invented the telegraph
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • ‘Great Schism’ divides the northern and southern Methodists in the United States of America over the issue of slavery. This led to the formulation of the Plan of Separation
  • New York Ladies’ Home Missionary Society organized
  • Indian Mission to the Oklahoma Territory established

1845

  • Methodist Episcopal Church, South (MECS) organized
  • Timothy Merritt (1775-1845)
  • New York City Bethel Ship Mission founded for work among Scandinavian immigrants

1846

  • Baltimore Colored Mission Conference organized by the Methodist Protestant Church

1847

  • Fredrick Douglass began publishing the North Star
  • Gold discovered in California
  • Methodist Episcopal Church began mission work in China
  • Methodist Episcopal Church, South publication, the Southern Ladies’ Companion, commenced publication

1848

  • Convention in Seneca Falls, New York, launches the women’s rights movement
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • The Ladies’ China Missionary Society of Baltimore organized
  • Methodist Episcopal Church, South began mission work in China
  • The Evangelical Association began publishing The Evangelical Messenger

1849

  • Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland
  • Methodist German mission in Bremen begun
  • Jarena Lee’s Journal published

1850

  • Compromise of 1850
  • US Fugitive Slave Law enacted
  • Lucy Stanton became the first African-American woman to complete a collegiate course of study (at Oberlin College)
  • Five Points Mission established in New York City

1851

  • William Clowes (1780-1851)
  • YMCA founded
  • Maine became the first state to enact a law prohibiting alcohol
  • The New York Times began publication

1852

  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Hugh Bourne (1772-1852)
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe published Uncle Tom’s Cabin

1853

  • Methodist mission in Norway begun
  • Methodist class meetings in Portugal begun
  • Benigno Cardenas preached the first Methodist sermon in Spanish in Santa Fe, New Mexico

1854

  • Roman Catholic doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of Mary proclaimed by Pope Pius IX

1855

  • Missionary Conference held in Calcutta
  • Australasian Conference formed
  • The first missionaries for the United Brethren Church sent to Sierra Leone
  • Garrett Biblical Institute established in Evanston, Illinois

1856

  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Methodist Episcopal Church mission in India established

1857

  • (Voluntary) Association for the Promotion of Christian Unity (Anglican-Orthodox-Roman Catholic-and some Protestants) formed
  • Dred Scott decision (USA)
  • Dwight L. Moody bagan revivalist career
  • United Brethren in Christ’ Church General Conference passes a resolution that no woman should be allowed to preach
  • United Methodist Free Churches established

1858

  • Jabez Bunting (1779-1858)
  • Women’s Missionary Auxiliary established in England

1859

  • First Methodist society organized in Denmark

1860

  • Abraham Lincoln elected US President
  • South Carolina secedes from the United States
  • Phoebe Palmer proclaimed the rights of women to preach the Gospel in her book, Promise of the Father
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Free Methodist Church in North America formed
  • British Methodist mission in Italy begun

1861

  • Civil War in the United States of America
  • Methodist mission in Kenya begun

1862

  • Civil War in the United States of America
  • Swedish Methodist newspaper, Sändebudet, established in the USA.
  • Charles Brent (1862-1929), Episcopal bishop in the USA and participant at the Edinburgh 1910 Missionary Conference

1863

  • Civil War in the United States of America
  • Emancipation Proclamation issued
  • Battles of Gettysburg and Vicksburg
  • Kit Carson wages war on the Navajo

1864

  • Civil War in the United States of America
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Full clergy rights extended to black preachers in the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • First MEC German Annual Conference formed in the USA
  • The MEC General Conference extended the maximum consecutive service of preachers on a circuit or station to three years
  • William and Catherine Booth begin work in the London slums, leading to the formation of the Salvation Army
  • Pope Pius IX issues letter forbidding Roman Catholic participation in the Association for the Promotion of Christian Unity

1865

  • Civil War in the United States of America
  • Abraham Lincoln assassinated
  • 13th Amendment enacted to abolish slavery
  • Methodist Episcopal Church, South inaugurated lay representation at Annual and General Conferences

1866

  • Drew Theological Seminary established
  • Maggie VanCott became the first Methodist Episcopal Church woman to be granted a local Preacher’s license
  • Freedmen’s Aid Society formed
  • Helenor M. Davidson is ordained a deacon by the Methodist Protestant Church.
  • Nathan Söderblom (1866-1931) — Lutheran archbishop of Uppsala, Sweden, ecumenica leader

1867

  • United States purchased Alaska
  • African Methodist Episcopal Church opened Wilberforce University in Ohio
  • National Association for the Promotion of Holiness formed by Methodist Episcopal Church preachers in the United States
  • Otis Gibson began work with Chinese immigrants in California (account published in 1870)

1868

  • William O’Bryan (1778-1868)
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • 14th Amendment to the US Constitution ratified
  • New England Suffrage Association is organized
  • Equal lay representation granted for the MECS General Conference
  • Annie Whitmeyer established the Ladies and Pastors Christian Union
  • AME Zion removed the requirement that one be male in order to be ordained
  • The MEC General Conference extended the maximum consecutive service of preachers on a circuit or station to five years

1869

  • Vatican Council I opens in on 8 December
  • Trans-Continental Railroad
  • Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton founded the National Woman Sufferage Association
  • Women’s Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church established
  • Isabella Thoburn and Clara Swain sent as missionaries to India

1870

  • 15th Amendment to the US Constitution ratified
  • Colored Methodist Episcopal Church (CME) organized (renamed Christian Methodist Episcopal Church in 1952)
  • Norwegian-Danish Methodist newspaper, Missionaeren, established in the USA.
  • Vatican Council I proclaims doctrine of papal infallibility
  • Vatican Council I closes

1871

  • Alejo Hernandez became the first Mexican ordained by a Methodist body, the Methodist Episcopal Church, South
  • Congress approved the Indian Appropriations Act

1872

  • US President Grant’s administration regulated work among Native Americans through various denominations; thus began the government funding of social programs through churches
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Limited lay representation of two laymen (voice and vote) per Annual Conference granted in the MEC General Conference

1873

  • Economic Depression in the USA
  • William and Clementina Butler begin Methodist mission in Mexico
  • American and Canadian missionary work in Japan

1874

  • Women’s Christian Temperance Union formed
  • J. H. Oldham (1874-1969), Baptist layman and ecumenical leader

1875

  • Methodist worship begun in New Guinea

1876

  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Methodist Epsicopal Church voted at General Conference to divide annual conferences along racial lines
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference directed bishops to correspond with other Methodist churches to discuss the possibility of a meeting with representatives from each church
  • New York Bethel Ship Mission ended
  • The first MEC Swedish Annual Conference established in the USA
  • Anna Oliver became the first woman to receive a degree from Boston University School of Theology

1877

  • Olof Gustaf Hedström (1803-1877)
  • United Brethren in Christ Women’s Association (missionary) established
  • William Taylor introduced Methodism into Chile and Peru

1878

  • Pope Leo XIII (r. 1878-1903)

1879

  • Missionary conference held in Bangalore
  • James M. Thoburn began Methodist mission in Burma

1880

  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Women’s Home Missionary Society of the MEC established
  • Women’s Missionary Society established by the Evangelical Association
  • The first MEC Norwegian-Danish Annual Conference established in the USA
  • Anna Howard Shaw and Anna Oliver denied ordination by the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church (Shaw was later ordained by the New York Conference of the Methodist Protestant Church)

1881

  • Beginning of Civil Service reform in the USA
  • First Ecumenical Methodist Conference in London, England
  • Amanda Berry Smith became a missionary to Liberia
  • William Temple (1881-1944), Anglican Archbishop of York, ecumenical leader
  • Couturier, Paul (1881-1953), Abbé from Lyons, France

1882

  • US Exclusion Act (barring Chinese immigration)
  • Board of Church Extension established by the Methodist Episcopal Church

1883

  • Missionary conference held in Osaka

1884

  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Methodist Episcopal Church began mission work in Korea
  • General Conference of the African Methodist Episcopal Church began licensing women as local preachers

1885

  • La Roy Sunderland (1802-1885)
  • William Taylor established Methodist missions in Angola and the Congo
  • James Thoburn began Methodist missions in Singapore and Malaysia
  • The Spanish Mission Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church established
  • The Mexican Frontier Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South was organized

1886

1887

  • Missionary conference held in Shanghai
  • Max Metzger (1887-1944), founder of Una Sancta

1888

  • Missionary conference held in Mexico
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference

1889

1890

  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act (USA)

1891

1892

  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference

1893

  • First Parliament of World Religions

1894

  • Pullman Company strike

1895

  •  Mrs. Hartman from Oregon became the first female member of an Evangelical Association annual conference

1896

  • Pope Leo VIII declared Anglican ordinations to be null and void
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference

1897

  • Pope Paul VI (b. 1897 d. 1978)

1898

  • Spanish-American War
  • Seven missionaries of the United Brethren’s Woman’s Missionary Association massacred in Sierra Leone
  • The Methodist Episcpal Church established a mission in Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe)

1899

  • The Methodist Episcopal Church established a mission in the Philippines
  • First International Peace Conference held at The Hague, Netherlands

1900

  • Missionary conference held in South Africa
  • Hawaii Territory organized (USA)
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Equal lay representation granted for the MEC General Conference
  • Drees established a mission in Puerto Rico for the Methodist Epsicopal Church

1901

1902

  • The United States ended its occupation of Cuba

1903

  • First Koreans arrived in Hawaii. Among them were Korean Methodists
  • Pope Leo XIII (r. 1878-1903)

1904

  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • MEC granted equal rights to women as lay representatives
  • Ladies Aids Societies granted recognition by the Methodist Episcopal Church

1905

  • Joint Methodist hymnbook, Methodist Episcopal Church and Methodist Episcopal Church, South
  • Norway gained full independence from Sweden
  • Hawaii Mission established by the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • First Baptist World Conference established in London, England

1906

  • Methodist Protestant Church began work in India

1907

  • Second International Peace Conference held at The Hague, Netherlands

1908

  • Federal Council of Churches (USA) founded
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • First Methodist Social Creed adopted

1909

  • Methodist Episcopal Church organized its Italian Mission

1910

  • Edinburgh Missionary Conference
  • 19 October 1910, General Convention of the Episcopal Church in the USA approves resolution to create a Commission on Faith and Order

1911

1912

  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference

1913

  • Lake Junaluska Assembly opened for Southern Methodists
  • Wesley Foundation is organized at the University of Illinois
  • The United Brethren Church declares that the aim of its mission program is to make their overseas fields self-supporting
  • 8 May 1913, meeting took place in New York with representatives of the Episcopal Church, the Orthodox, and some Protestants to discuss broad principles for convening a Conference on Faith and Order

1914

  • World War I
  • Candler School of Theology is founded
  • Pacific Mexican Conference founded by the Methodist Episcopal Church, South
  • The Church Peace Union was established with a grant of funds from Andrew Carnegie
  • World Alliance for Promoting International Friendship through the Churches established on 2 August in Constance, Switzerland

1915

  • World War I
  • World Alliance for Promoting International Friendship through the Churches changed its name at a meeting held in Bern, Switzerland, to World Alliance for Promoting Friendship through the Churches
  • Brother Roger Schütz (1915-2005), founder of Taizé

1916

  • World War I
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Preparatory Meeting in the USA drafted five topics to be discussed by a conference on faith and order

1917

  • World War I

1918

  • World War I

1919

  • 16 May 1919, Pope Benedict XV declined Roman Catholic participation in a conference on faith and order; he welcomed non-Roman Catholics to ‘return’ to the visible head of the Church
  • 30 September-3 October, a conference of the World Alliance for Promoting Friendship through the Churches met at The Hague, Netherlands

1920

  • Patriarch of Constantinople issues an Encyclical to all Christians calling for the creation of a fellowship of churches
  • 18th Amendment to the US Constitution (prohibition of alcohol) ratified
  • 19th Amendment to the US Constitution (women’s suffrage) ratified
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • First black bishops elected and a woman granted local preacher status in the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • 12-20 August, Meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, of delegates from 75 churches, appointed a Continuation Committee to prepare for a conference on faith and order

1921

  • International Missionary Council established

1922

  • Evangelical Church formed
  • Methodist Episcopal Church, South granted equal rights as lay representatives to women
  • Methodist Episcopal Church, South, began mission work in Europe
  • Pope Pius XI (r. 1922-1939)

1923

  • First Lutheran World Convention held

1924

  • Teapot Dome Scandal (USA)
  • US Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act
  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • “Local” ordination of women in the Methodist Episcopal Church

1925

  • Continuation Committee met in Stockholm, Sweden

1926

1927

  • First Conference on Faith and Order held in Lusanne, Switzerland, 2-21 August

1928

  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference

1929

  • Stock Market crash
  • Meeting of the Lutheran World Convention
  • Charles Brent (1862-1929), Episcopal bishop in the USA and participant at the Edinburgh 1910 Missionary Conference
  • 19-29 August, The Universal Christian Conference on Life and Work met in Stockholm, Sweden

1930

  • Equal lay representation granted for Annual Conferences in the MECS

1931

  • Nathan Söderblom (1866-1931) — Lutheran archbishop of Uppsala, Sweden, ecumenica leader

1932

  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference
  • Equal lay representation granted for Annual Conferences in the MEC

1933

  • 21st Amendment to the US Constitution ratified (prohibition repealed)

1934

1935

  • The Methodist Episcopal Church, Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and the Methodist Protestant Church issue a joint hymnal
  • Meeting of the Lutheran World Convention

1936

  • Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference

1937

  • Second Conference on Faith and Order held in Edinburgh, Scotland, 3-18 August
  • William Temple elected president by the Conference on Faith and Order
  • Conferences on Faith and Order and Life and Work each approve proposal to merge together and form the World Council of Churches
  • Second Conference on Life and Work held in Oxford, England, 12-26 July

1938

  • Organizational Committee of Fourteen met in Utrecht during May; they established a Provisional Committee for the founding of the World Council of Churches

1939

  • World War II
  • Formation of the Methodist Church, union of the Methodist Episcopal Churches North and South and the Methodist Protestant Church
  • Pope Pius XI (r. 1922-1939)

1940

  • World War II
  • Methodist Church General Conference
  • First meeting of the Methodist Church’s Central Jurisdiction

1941

  • World War II
  • Pearl Harbor attacked and the United States declares war
  • Puerto Rico Provisional Conference organized by the Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Latin American Provisional Conference organized by the Methodist Episcopal Church

1942

  • World War II

1943

  • World War II

1944

  • World War II
  • Methodist Church General Conference
  • William Temple (1881-1944), Anglican Archbishop of York, ecumenical leader
  • Max Metzger (1887-1944), founder of Una Sancta

1945

  • World War II
  • United Nations is founded
  • California Oriental Provisional Conference organized by the Methodist Church

1946

  • The Phillipines, a United States protectorate, gained its independence
  • Evangelical United Brethren Church formed by a merger of the Evangelical Church and the United Brethren Church (women are denied ordination in the new church)

1947

1948

  • World Council of Churches founded
  • First General Assembly of the World Council of Churches held in Amsterdam, Netherlands, 22 August-4 September
  • Methodist Church General Conference

1949

  • Lutheran World Federation formed

1950

  • Korean War
  • National Council of Churches of Christ in the USA founded
  • World Council of Churches Central Committee met in Toronto and approved the ‘Toronto Statement’

1951

  • World Methodist Council established
  • Korean War

1952

  • Korean War
  • Methodist Church General Conference
  • WCC Faith and Order met in Lund, Sweden and adopted the Lund Statement (also known as the ‘Lund Principle’)

1953

  • Korean War
  • Couturier, Paul (1881-1953), Abbé from Lyons, France

1954

  • Colored Methodist Episcopal Church (CME) renamed Christian Methodist Episcopal Church
  • Second WCC General Assembly held in Evanston, IL, USA, 15-31 August

1955

  • Montgomery, Alabama, bus boycott
  • US Supreme Court orders desegregation
  • AFL and CIO merge to form one labor union

1956

  • Suez Canal crisis
  • Methodist Church General Conference
  • Full clergy rights for women in the Methodist Church

1957

1958

1959

1960

  • John F. Kennedy elected US President
  • Methodist Church General Conference

1961

  • Third WCC Assembly held in New Delhi, India, 19 November-5 December

1962

1963

  • Vatican Council II opens
  • John F. Kennedy assassinated

1964

  • Vatican Council II continues
  • Methodist Church General Conference

1965

  • Vatican Council II closes

1966

  • Good News Movement established
  • National Organization for Women founded
  • Vatican-World Methodist Council Bilateral established

1967

1968

  • United Methodist Church formed by merger of the Methodist Church and the Evangelical United Brethren Church
  • General Commission on Religion and Race created
  • General Commission on Archives and History created
  • General Commission on Archives and History
  • General Commission on Religion and Race
  • General Council on Ministries created
  • Fourth WCC Assembly held in Uppsala, Sweden, 4-20 July

1969

  • Methodist churches in Cuba, Malaysia-Singapore, Pakistan, Chile, and Argentina became autonomous
  • J. H. Oldham (1874-1969), Baptist layman and ecumenical leader

1970

  • Alliance of Reformed Churches and International Congregational Council merged to form the World Alliance of Reformed Churches

1971

  • United Methodist Women formed

1972

  • Watergate scandal
  • United Methodist Church General Conference
  • End of Central Jurisdiction Conferences
  • General Commission on the Status and Role of Women created

1973

1974

  • Richard Nixon resigned from the US Presidency

1975

  • Fifth WCC Assembly held in Nairobi, Kenya

1976

  • United Methodist Church General Conference

1977

1978

  • Pope Paul VI (b. 1897 d. 1978)

1979

1980

  • United Methodist Church General Conference

1981

  • General Commission on Christian Unity and Interreligious Concerns of The United Methodist Church formed

1982

  • Publication of Baptism, Eucharist, and Ministry (WCC)

1983

  • Sixth WCC Assembly held in Vancouver, BC, Canada, 24 July-10 August

1984

  • United Methodist Church General Conference

1985

1986

1987

1988

  • United Methodist Church General Conference

1989

1990

  • Publication of Church and World: The Unity of the Church and the Renewal of the Human Community (WCC)

1991

  • Seventh WCC Assembly held in Canberra, Australia, 7-20 February
  • Publication of Confessing the One Faith: An Ecumenical Explication of the Apostolic Faith as it is Confessed in the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed (WCC)

1992

  • United Methodist Church General Conference

1993

1994

1995

  • Pope John Paul II’s encyclical, That All May be One (Ut Unam Sint) published on 25 May

1996

  • United Methodist Church General Conference
  • Ordained offices of elder and deacon redefined; process for ordination significantly modified
  • General Commission on United Methodist Men formed

1997

1998

  • Eighth WCC Assembly held in Harare, Zimbabwe, 3-14 December

1999

  • Vatican-Lutheran World Federation Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, 31 October

2000

  • United Methodist Church General Conference

2001

2002

2003

2004

  • United Methodist Church General Conference

2005

  • Brother Roger Schütz (1915-2005), founder of Taizé

2006

2007

2008

  • United Methodist Church General Conference

2009

2010

2011

2012

  • United Methodist Church General Conference

2013

  • Francis, Bishop of Rome elected

2014

2015

2016

  • United Methodist General Conference